The views expressed in any article published in this blog are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect the views of Joseph Foster or Bob Lupoli.

Monday, March 21, 2011

Libya's Mercenaries

Joe:  I have been interested where the mercenaries came from. They may decide to leave quickly once the bombs and battles start approaching them in a big way. Here is an article from http://www.liberation.fr/ a French newspaper I think. Anyhow the article is translated below. Something that really struck me is the really horrible situation some Africans that have lived in Libya, “…over the past few days by opponents of the regime Gaddafi. Three Somalis were even killed. Over one million immigrants living in Libya, most of whom are black African origin. Many live in extremely precarious conditions, sometimes underground. Some of them have been indoctrinated by mercenaries under threat of death. – The Civil War, Union General William Tecumseh Sherman said "There is many a boy here today who looks on war as all glory, but boys, it is all hell." This is true for civilians as well. -Bob

Google Translator: French to English translation 
Monde 25/02/2011

La Légion islamique, une armée de mercenaires manipulés par le Guide

Islamic Legion, an army of mercenaries manipulated by the Guide
These thousands of Africans recruited in the rebellions in the region terrorize the Libyans.
by Thomas Hofung
The time he dreamed of a leader of "United States of Africa, Muammar al-Gaddafi did not hesitate to send his" Islamic Legion "to the shot on the continent. We have seen at work in Central in 2002 to defend the former president Ange-Felix Patasse. Today, the "Guide" has desperately on the support of these Legionnaires to hold on to power in Tripoli.

Since the beginning of the uprising in Libya, numerous local witnesses have reported the presence of foreign fighters, some French speaking, behavior ultraviolent. How are they? The International Federation of Human Rights (FIDH) estimates their number at 6,000, including 3,000 just in the capital. "They seem to have given carte blanche to loot and kill, indiscriminately, all civilians," the association was concerned yesterday.

Senior officials at odds with the Gaddafi regime, resigned as Minister of Justice, Abdul Jalil Mustafa, confirm their presence on Libyan soil. "I knew that the regime had mercenaries before the uprising, he told the Swedish newspaper Expressen. At several meetings, the government decided to grant citizenship to people of Chad and Niger. "Many of these men have in fact been co-opted as a result of multiple rebellions - Chad or Tuareg in northern Niger and Mali - that have punctuated the history of the Sahel region since the 70's and that the Libyan leader was manipulated to better assert its influence. "Gaddafi is the great godfather of Africa," said Antoine Glaser, a former director of the Letter of the Continent. He has always played a double game, funding the rebels in one hand and the leaders of the other. "In the late 80s, Gaddafi has supported including Charles Taylor, who began to fire and sword in Liberia for more than ten years.

Camps. At the same time, we can not count the number of peace negotiations that took place on Libyan soil. This was also the case recently, the conflict in Darfur (Sudan), involving Chadian rebels and Sudanese. But also in northern Niger, where an agreement was reached in 2009 between Niamey and the Tuareg rebels, under the auspices of Tripoli. Over the years, former Tuareg rebels and Chadian were hosted by Gaddafi in camps in southern Sudan, aside from his Islamic Legion.

Have they been joined in recent days, by mercenaries recruited and transported? Reached by Liberation, the head of the Libyan League for Human Rights, Slimane Bouchuiguir, says Libyan pilots have decided not to fly on airplanes of the national airline Afriqiyah after discovering they had sent mercenaries without their knowledge. An informed source says that at the last few days, nearly a hundred "Chadian fighters" - former Darfur, an ethnic Zaghawa (eastern Chad) - were conveyed to Libya. According to the FIDH, the soldiers nationalities Chad, Niger, Mali and Sudan also have been arrested in recent days by the insurgents. Figures more or less fanciful were quoted about their compensation. But it could turn around 2000 dollars per month (about 1,450 euros).

Enlisted. In the chaos, a real mercenary psychosis has gripped the Libyan population. According to the Office of the United Nations for Refugees (UNHCR), many African refugees - mainly from Chad, Sudan, Eritrea and Somalia - have been targeted over the past few days by opponents of the regime Gaddafi. Three Somalis were even killed. Over one million immigrants living in Libya, most of whom are black African origin. Many live in extremely precarious conditions, sometimes underground. Some of them have been indoctrinated by mercenaries under threat of death.

Yesterday, the International Organization for Migration had expressed concern, noting that - unlike the Europeans - their governments are not able to smuggle for financial and logistical reasons.

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